- Adult bed bugs are brown to reddish-brown, oval-shaped, flattened, and about 3/16 to 1/5 inch long.
- Their flat shape enables them to readily hide in cracks and crevices.
- The body becomes more elongate, swollen, and dark red after a blood meal.
- Bed bugs have a beaklike piercing-sucking mouthpart system.
- Bed bugs do not fly, but can move rapidly over floors, walls, ceilings and other surfaces.
- Female bed bugs lay their eggs in secluded areas, depositing 1, 2 or more eggs per day and hundreds during a lifetime.
- Nymphs can survive months without feeding and the adults for more than a year.
- Bed bugs are active mainly at night. During the daytime, they prefer to hide close to where people sleep.
- Their flattened bodies enable them to fit into tiny crevices – especially those associated with mattresses, box springs, bed frames and headboards.
- Bed bugs usually attack humans, but may feed on other warm-blooded animals, including pets.
- All people are not equally sensitive to bed bug bites, so while some victims break out in rashes from the bites, other people may not display symptoms.
BED BUGS management
- The use of a sealed vacuum during bed bug treatments is useful.
- Models with strong suction and a directed nozzle can be used to help extract some bed bugs hiding in protected crevices and remove the eggs.
- Vacuums can also be useful for picking up individuals when seen and a general vacuuming of floors and other surfaces may pick up bed bugs that have migrated or been dislodged during bed bug treatments.
- Immediately after use, vacuum bags should be removed, sealed in plastic, and discarded to reduce chances of accidentally spreading bed bugs.
2. Residual Spraying
- Insecticides may be applied as liquids directly to cracks, crevices, bed frames, baseboards, or similar sites.
3. ULV Misting
- Use a space spray to penetrate an infested area.
- Close all outside doors, windows, etc., as tightly as possible. Inside, open or spread everything to allow fumes to penetrate.