Rizal Pest Management (M) Sdn. Bhd. (1299742-P)


  • Termites are social insects living in colonies comprised of a king and a queen (wingless adults or nymphs, depending on the species), and oldiers.
  • The king and queen perform the reproductive functions of the colony maintenance.
  • The soldiers defend the colony.
  • These individuals, separated by division of labor, are referred to as castes.
  • Termites feed on wood or wood products, and their digestive tracts contain microorganisms which enable them to convert the cellulose in wood into usable food.

Termites vs Ants

  • Termites are often confused with ants.
  • The termite has straight beadlike antennae, while those ants are elbowed.
  • The abdomen of termite is broadly joined to the thorax (no waist), while the ant’s thorax and abdomen are joined pedicel (wasp waist).
  • Termite wings, both the front and the hind wings, are of the ant are considerably larger the posterior wings.

Termites Management

1. Residual Spraying

  • Residual spraying with termiticide which act as a stomach and contact poison is apply with a liquid dilution of Premise along the foundation walls of your home to create a continuous treatment zone.

2. Drenching

  • Termite mound is destroyed by pouring solution of termiticide into the mound after breaking open the structure.
  • To facilitate good penetration, holes are made using crowbars.

3. Pre-Construction, Anti-Termite Soil Treatment (ATST)

  • A traditional method for preventing subterranean termites from entering buildings within the first 5 to 10 years following construction.
  • The objective of applying a termiticide to soil is to provide an unbroken chemical barrier between the wood in the structure and termite colonies in the soil.
  • Thus, the insecticide must be applied thoroughly and uniformly to block all routes of termite entry.
  • Effective termite control usually requires specialized equipment and often 150 or more gallons of prepared termiticide solution per house, depending on size, basement, etc.
  • The most recent termiticides to be marketed are non-repellent to termites, but show delayed toxicity as termites forage through treated soil, which they do not avoid.
  • As termites penetrate the treated zone, they contact the active ingredient, which causes delayed mortality and also possibly allows the termites to be overcome by lethal microbes.
  • Furthermore, the toxicant is thought to be passed to nest mates through grooming activities and social food exchange (trophallaxis).

4. Post-Construction, Anti-Termite Soil Treatment (ATST)

  • Holes are drilled along the perimeter of the building and termiticide will be pumped in.
  • The objective of this is to establish a termiticide barrier to prevent termites from entering the structures.
  • The distance between two holes is an extremely crucial factor to ensure a continuous chemical barrier beneath the house upon application.
  • If the distance between the holes is too wide apart, a gap will be present and this will allow termites to move up into the house.
  • Distance between two holes varies between 30 to 65cm.
  • Distance between holes to wall perimeter varies between 5 to 20cm.

5. Baiting

  • A termite bait is usually a paper-, cardboard-, or sawdust-like material containing the active ingredient (or AI) that kills termites.
  • The bait is kept inside a plastic bait station. As termites feed on the bait, the termite-killing AI gets into their bodies.
  • The AI is spread through the colony as the termites feed each other. As more workers feed on the bait, more AI gets into the colony.
  • Eventually the amount of AI in each termite increases until it kills them and the colony dies or is reduced.
  • There are two types of bait stations: above-ground and in-ground
  • Above-ground stations are installed directly over shelter tubes or infested wood so that termites can begin to feed immediately on the bait.
  • In-ground stations are placed in the soil.
  • Most stations are cylindrical tubes with disk tops. The disks makes the stations easier to find and keeps them from sinking into the ground.
  • The tubes have numerous holes or slits through which termites enter to get to the wood and bait inside.

In Ground (IG) Station

Above Ground (AG) Station